Saturday, May 23, 2020

You Can t Write An Honest Novel About Race - 1492 Words

Chimamanda Adichie writes in her 2013 novel Americanah: â€Å"You can’t write an honest novel about race in this country. If you write about how people are really affected by race, it’ll be too obvious† (335). Americanah, however, is a novel full of social commentary on race and how it affects the lives of black immigrants, especially female immigrants. Adichie is aware of how race and gender work alongside each other and shape someone’s experience. The main protagonist of the story, Ifemelu constantly points this out. Since Americanah is a relatively new novel, hardly any academic articles have been written about it. The article â€Å"Fictional Representations of Contemporary Diasporas: The Case of the Invisible Diasporic Women of Chimamanda†¦show more content†¦Erika Swarts Gray gives another definition to African American literature: â€Å"literature that is written by African American writers or includes African American characters that are culturally specific†. She further argues in her article that one of the most important characteristics of African American literature is that it makes black characters visible and allows black readers to connect to the main characters. She writes that students feel that literature that is read in the classroom features too few African American characters, or that it presents the history of slavery â€Å"without including any ‘nonslavery’ or modern representations† (476). Chimamanda Adichie also noticed the lack of black characters in modern literature when she was little. She wrote stories based on the novels that she was reading, and she says: â€Å"All my characters were white and had blue eyes and played in the snow and ate apples and had dogs called Socks† (â€Å"African ‘Authenticity’ and the Biafran Experience† 42). When she read Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, she first encountered black characters, characters with whom she could identify: â€Å"Here were characters who had Igbo names and ate yams and inhabited a world similar to mine. Okonkwo and Ezinma and Ikemefuna taught me that my world was worthy of literature, that books could also have people like me in them†Show MoreRelatedthe book of negroes1581 Words   |  7 PagesBook Reflection : The Book Of Negroes It s 1802 and Aminata Diallo, now an old woman, sits down to write her life story at the request of the Abolitionists in London. Abducted from her village in West Africa at the age of eleven and marched in a coffle (a string of slaves) for three months before reaching the coast, Aminata survives the voyage to America and ends up sold to an indigo plantation owner in South Carolina. She describes herself as lucky, because compared to the tragic circumstancesRead MoreThe Bell Jar By Sylvia Plath And The Catcher Of The Rye1515 Words   |  7 Pagesthree major parts- their personality, the cultures that mold their personality, and their dreams. These three components are analyzed within the novels, The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath and the Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger. These themes contribute to the evolution and demolition of characters, leading to events that create thrill within the two. In the novel, The Bell Jar, the prime character, Esther Greenwood, struggles to handle life in her own skin. She feels trapped in a glass bell jar with noRead MoreUncle Tom s Cabin, By Harriet Beecher Stowe1354 Words   |  6 Pagesstill one of the most discussed, criticized, and analyzed novels of its time. Published in 1852, the novel is described as an anti-slavery melodrama that focuses on the sufferings and realities of slavery, while also illustrating how Christianity can overcome the evils of slavery and the destructions that it brings to human beings. The novel follows the life of Uncle Tom, and the characters around him, to educate readers from the north about the cruelty of slavery happening in the southern statesRead MoreThe Bell Jar By Sylvia Plath1274 Words   |  6 PagesIn the novel The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath the prime character, Esther Greenwood, struggles to handle life in her own skin. She feels as though she is trapped in a glass bell jar with no escape becaus e of her incapability to comprehend herself. For example, in chapter one Plath states, â€Å"‘My name s Elly Higginbottom,’ I said. ‘I come from Chicago.’ After that I felt safer. I didn t want anything I said or did that night to be associated with me and my real name and coming from Boston† (Plath 11)Read MoreUnderstanding Steinbeck, His Work, And The Criticism. Many1693 Words   |  7 Pagestalking about. He made it possible for the reader to sink deeply into the story and feel as though they are walking right alongside the characters. His description of setting and appropriate relation to the period in time and those living it aided in the way his writing was perceived. Steinbeck is especially talented with this element of writing in that he lived and worked with working class Americans during the great depression. He lived and breathed similar hardships as those that he writes aboutRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain1508 W ords   |  7 Pagesproduced† ( Telgen 1.) In the novel the central character, Huck, realizes the wrongs of racisms, even though he was brought up with strong racists’ values. He meets a fellow slave named, Jim, who opened his eyes and change his views on racism. As Huck and Jim journey together, the portrayal of Jim changes because Huck matures and grows. Jim becomes the friend, guide, and father-figure that Huck has lacked. Mark Twain’s focus on slavery in the Antebellum period of his novel while living in a post-CivilRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald2631 Words   |  11 Pages Edward Fawcett Professor Hood English 101 31 May 2016 The Great Gatsby Memorial The Great Gatsby is considered to be one of the greatest novels of all time. The majority of high school students read The Great Gatsby during their junior or senior years, and some schools even have the students watch the movie in class. The novel is overall very useful for critical analysis and reflection assignments. A four word summary of the book could describe it as a huge love circle, but that’s really a poorRead MoreThe Importance Of Inequality, And The Way We View Others2576 Words   |  11 Pagesare to be equal, when at the time all men were not created equal? This is only one example of the many times throughout history where people showed a lack of fairness or justice. Such is the case in Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird. In this iconic novel, Lee symbolizes the importance of inequality, and the way we view others. The book takes place in Maycomb County, a sleepy town in southern Alabama during the 1930s when poverty and unemployment were widespread due to the Great Depression. Harper Lee’sRead MoreFoster - Twentieth Century Hero Essay2782 Words   |  12 Pages Samuel Selvons second novel An Island Is a World (1955) introduces the readers to the middle-class protagonist, Foster. As the narrative unfolds, Foster is exposed as an introspective cogitating protagonist whose actions do not positively correlate with his thought processes. He can be seen as, a character whose attractiveness or interest consists of the inability to perform deeds of bravery, courage or generosity. Consequently, it can be said that Foster possesses traits of the common unheroicRead MoreQuestions On English Language Learner5180 Words   |  21 Pagesnot know how to critically think or even write properly using academic language. The problem that arises is there are students that are already behind, what happens to them now that we are integrating these higher level standards? Research Question Purpose for the Study Many children already have trouble reading and writing at their appropriate grade level standards. English Language Learners are already at a disadvantage when learning to read and write. In fourth grade, according to the CCSS,

Monday, May 11, 2020

Persuasive Essay On Latching - 2052 Words

Introduction Breastfeeding can be challenging, especially during the first few weeks after childbirth. It is normal to have some problems when you start to breastfeed your new baby, even if you have breastfed before. This document provides some solutions to the most common breastfeeding challenges. Many common challenges are caused by poor latching. Latching refers to when your baby s mouth attaches to your nipple to breastfeed. How do I make sure that my baby is latched and positioned properly? Find a comfortable place to sit or lie down, with your neck and back well-supported. Place a pillow or rolled up blanket under your baby to bring him or her to the level of your breast (if you are seated). Make sure that your baby s abdomen is†¦show more content†¦Nipple pain. Cracked or sore nipples Cracked or sore nipples are often caused by inadequate latching. Soreness can also happen if your baby is not positioned properly at your breast. What is the solution? Make sure your baby is latched and positioned correctly. To help your breasts stay moisturized and healthy: Avoid using soap on your nipples. Wear a supportive bra. Avoid wearing underwire-style bras or tight bras. After each feeding, air dry your nipples for 3–4 minutes. Use only cotton bra pads to absorb breast milk leakage. Be sure to change the pads if they become soaked with milk. Use lanolin, olive oil, or coconut oil on your nipples after nursing. If you use pure lanolin, you do not need to wash it off before feeding your baby again. Pure lanolin is not poisonous (toxic) to your baby. Use your hand to squeeze out (express) a few drops of breast milk, gently massage the milk into your nipples, and let your nipple air dry. When should I contact my health care provider? If you have nipple pain, cracking, or soreness that lasts longer than 1 week, contact your health care provider or lactation consultant. Nipple cracking and soreness are common during the first week after birth, but nipple pain is never normal. Breast engorgement Breast engorgement is the overfilling of your breasts with breast milk. This can make your breasts throb and feel hard, tightly stretched,Show MoreRelatedWithout Connection to Others There Is No Me1863 Words   |  8 Pagesin her latching onto her brother and his wife in order to belong. But once she found herself through social interactions, she has transformed from being confused like the ‘nervous green and white moths’ to someone who is full of direction with a purpose like ‘a flock of strong-winged arrowed geese’. As freelance journalist Chuck Palahniuk has said, â€Å"Nothing of me is original. I am the combined effort of everyone I’ve ever known†. Written Explanation: I chose to write a persuasive essay as it allowed

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Biography of Alan Greenspan Free Essays

It is somewhat inconceivable that a man often dubbed as the â€Å"second most powerful man in the United States next to the president himself†, was an undergraduate at the Juilliard School, studying the clarinet. A former member of a jazz band and perfectly capable of playing the saxophone, Alan Greenspan is a name known in every American household, where a staggering statistic of 9 out of 10 American adults are acquainted with who Greenspan is, as opposed to knowing who the Vice President of the United States is. Born to a Hungarian Jewish family on March 6, 1926, Alan Greenspan spent his formative years in Washington Heights, New York. We will write a custom essay sample on Biography of Alan Greenspan or any similar topic only for you Order Now Having an aptitude for numbers, Greenspan was the one who was often left with the bands bookkeeping and his natural inclination towards business was what prompted his transition from studying musical arts to studying economics. Thus, enrolling at the New York University on September 1944, he went on to earn two degrees in economics, graduating summa cum laude in 1948 and attaining his MA in 1950. Although he was never able to finish his PhD at Columbia University owing to a lack of a dissertation, he attained it later on at NYU in 1977 without having to make the particular requirement as well as honorary Doctor of Commercial Science on December 14, 2005. Almost 40 years before his appointment as chairman of the Federal Reserve, Alan Greenspan’s professional career began as an economic analyst at the National Industrial [Insert Last Name 2] Conference Board, where he stayed on from 1947 to 1953. He then proceeded to open, along with William Townsend, Townsend, Greenspan Company, an economic consulting firm in New York City where he served as the firm’s president and chairman for a little over 33 years. Having accepted the job as a coordinator on domestic policy under Richard Nixon during the presidential campaign in 1968 and later as the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers in 1974 to 1977 under Gerald Ford, the company was seen to be dwindling down from success. Successors to the chairmanship of the Federal Reserve that was being vacated by Paul Volcker were being nominated and Alan Greenspan’s name was among those in mind. Nominated by Ronald Reagan, Greenspan’s nomination hearing went through on July 21 1987 and confirmed by the Senate on August 11, 1987. He was faced with his first ever crisis; the 1987 stock market rash which was one of the biggest crashes in the history of Wall Street. His period serving at the Fed has allowed him to build credibility and flexibility in affecting the economy, combating recession by lowering the interest rates without so putting so much of a shock on the bond market. Serving as the chairman of the Federal Reserve for four terms under past presidents Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton, Greenspan was nominated by President George Bush to serve his fifth tem on May 18, 2004, an extraordinary feat that has yet to be surpassed. Among his many awards and titles that he received during his service was the Presidential Medal of Freedom, bestowed upon him by President George W. bush in November 2005, Knight Commander of the British Empire in 2002 and Commander of the Legion of Honor. Having appointed another successor in the person of yet another former chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers to ensure a [Insert Last Name 3] smooth changeover, Greenspan’s stay as a member of the board officially reached a close on January 31, 2006. Converted from being a logical positivist, he became an advocate of Objectivism due to the influence of Nathaniel Branden. He was introduced to Ayn Rand, the Objectivist author who was to become his mentor and friend, by his first wife, Joan Mitchell. A supporter of Rand’s philosophy, Greenspan wrote several literary pieces for the Objectivist newsletters as well as contributions for Capitalism; the Unknown Ideal, Rand’s book published in 1966 among which was an essay supporting the gold standard. A known advocate of laissez faire capitalism, a number of Objectivists find irony in the way that Greenspan supports the gold standard in spite of the Federal Reserve’s role in America’s fiat money system and endogenous inflation. Harry Binswanger claims that Greenspan falls short of his support of the Objectivist and free market principles as evinced by his publicly expressed opinions and actions while working for the Federal Reserve. Following his retirement from the Federal Reserve, Greenspan has a new company; the Greenspan Associates LLC, working as an advisor, making speeches and offering consulting for other firms. He has written his own memoir, The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World, which was published on September 17, 2007. In it, he tells of his history in the service of the U. S. government as well as issues, present and future, concerning global economy, where he voices out his criticisms of President George Bush, VP Dick Cheney and the Republican-controlled Congress. Having been given his third stint as a private adviser, Greenspan was hired by Paulsen Co in the middle of January 2008 to get his input on economic issues and monetary policies. As such, he will be advising them on issues the U. S. economy and the world financial markets. [Insert Last Name 4] Works Cited Sheehan, Fred. â€Å"Alan, We Hardly Know You’. 20 July 2007. Safehaven. 12 April 2008. http://www. safehaven. com/article-8006. htm How to cite Biography of Alan Greenspan, Papers

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Misunderstanding Men And Women Essays - Gender, Biology, Identity

Misunderstanding Men and Women Since the beginning of biological time, males and females have had noticeable and unnoticeable differences. These differences have caused conflicts, which have endured time and are still a part of our modern everyday lives. However, the discord has become more defined than what is characterized as a woman and a man. In order to attempt accordance between the sexes, it is essential that we educated ourselves in the true meanings of men, women, masculinity, femininity and the power aspects involved. Before going into detail on the many differences between being a man and a woman, one must carefully examine the proper definitions of masculinity and femininity. These terms are common "falsely understood" words that no one has taken the time to define yet everyone uses on a daily basis. All human beings are classified by their biological and psychological sex. A biological man is a person born with the male genitalia, as a biological woman is a person born with the female genitalia. A biological male person along with a biological female person are needed to reach the goal of biological sexuality: procreation. On the other hand, a psychologically male person is a person that believes he or she is a male and vice versa for a psychologically female person. Psychological sexuality is about the personality traits that distinguish many men and women. For example, women are often more intuitive than men. Men often are better at spatial relationships than women. These two are needed for t he psychological sexuality goal: making a love relationship. Femininity can be defined by such feminine traits as being soft, nurturing, intuitive, accepting and empathetic. Being stoic, analytical and public are traits generally associated with masculinity. Hence, from the previous definitions we can say that a "man" is a psychologically masculine person. He can be either biologically feminine or masculine. A "woman" is a psychologically feminine person. She can be either biologically masculine or feminine. A greatly noticeable difference between men and women is the power aspects of masculinity and femininity. Men seem most comfortable in situations where the power structure and its laws are clear to them. Competition is another trait of the masculine personality. He competes in order to gain control since, according to him, the strongest and most dominant person leads and makes all the important decisions. When working in groups with other men, he believes that the absence of rules will lead to the most aggressive person, rather than the best leader, gaining control of the group. When working with other women, however, he usually wants to know whether a biological female wants to be treated like a man or like a woman. A power aspect of the feminine power style or femininity is cooperation. When a woman cooperates she is submitting to the will of the other person in the expectation that the other person will take her needs and wants into consideration. When women cooperate with each other they are submitting to the combined will of the two people in the relationship (which includes her, of course, so she has a say in the decision-making process.) During group work, women have consensus decision-making. Each person takes responsibility for making sure that everything is shared equally. Women are capable of working well together without rules or establishing a hierarchy. When working with men, a woman's femininity works against her, because the business world operates by masculine principles: competition constrained by rules. Through the years, science has developed models for the relationships between men and women, more specifically, the power and love aspects of relationships. Men and women in love relationships have complementary power traits that are a large part of what attracts women to men and men to women. Love relationships bring out the power aspects of a man's masculinity and a woman's femininity. A woman wants her man to take responsibility for her and he can best show his love for her by accepting this responsibility. Likewise, a man wants to take responsibility for his woman and she demonstrates her love by giving him this responsibility. The first relationship model is known to psychologists as the modern model. It encapsulates the idea of power sharing. Since the 1970s the politically correct arrangement

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Definition and Examples of Antanaclasis (Word Play)

Definition and Examples of Antanaclasis (Word Play) Definition Antanaclasis is a rhetorical term for a  type of verbal play in which one word is used in two contrasting (and often comic) senses- a type of  homonymic pun. Also known as the rebound. Antanaclasis  appears often in aphorisms, such as If we dont hang together, we shall surely hang separately. See Examples and Observations  below. Also see: AntistasisAsteismusDiacopeJanus WordLogologyParonomasiaPloceTraductioWord PlayWords at Play: An Introduction to Recreational Linguistics EtymologyFrom the Greek, reflection, bending, breaking against Examples and Observations And theres bars on the corners and bars on the heart.(Tim McGraw, Where The Green Grass Grows)People on the go . . . go for Coke.(advertisement for Coca Cola)If you arent fired with enthusiasm, you will be fired with enthusiasm.(Vince Lombardi) Viola: Save thee, friend, and thy music! Dost thou live by thy tabour?Clown: No, sir, I live by the church.Viola: Art thou a churchman?Clown: No such matter, sir: I do live by the church; for I do live at my house, and my house doth stand by the church.(William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, Act 3, Scene 1)For every woman growing anxious about thinning hair, there are thousands growing it back.(advertisement for Rogaine)At first glance, Shirley Polykoffs sloganIf Ive only one life, let me live it as a blonde!seems like merely another example of a superficial and irritating rhetorical trope (antanaclasis) that now happens to be fashionable among advertising copy writers.(Tom Wolfe, The Me Decade and the Third Great Awakening) Death, tho I see him not, is nearAnd grudges me my eightieth year.Now I would give him all these lastFor one that fifty have run past.Ah! He strikes all things, all alike,But bargains: those he will not strike.(Walter Savage Landor, Age) Antanaclasis in Hip HopRarely is it that a single rhetorical form can essentially define the poetics of not just one MC but of an entire clique. Such is the case with the Diplomats and the figurative trope of antanaclasis. Antanaclasis is when a single word is repeated multiple times, but each time with a different meaning. For the Diplomats, the popularity of it likely began with Camron, the leading member of Dipset, who started his career rapping alongside Mase. Consider the following lines off one of his mix-tape releases: I flip China White,/my dishes white china/from China. Playing with just two words, he renders them in several distinct permutations. China white is a particular variety of heroin. White china is a generic term for dishware, and he then goes on to specify that his dishware actually is from China. What might sound like nonsense or repetition for the sake of sound alone soon reveals itself as a rhetorical figure in action.(Adam Bradley, Book of Rhymes: The Poetics of Hip Hop. BasicCivitas, 2009) From Antanaclasis to AposiopesisHem! again said the thrifty Roland, with a slight inflection of the beetle brows. It may be next to nothing, Maamsisterjust as a butchers shop may be next to Northumberland House, but there is a vast deal between nothing and that next neighbour you have given it.This speech was so like one of my fathersso naive an imitation of that subtle reasoners use of the rhetorical figure called Antanaclasis (or repetition of the same words in a different sense), that I laughed and my mother smiled. But she smiled reverently, not thinking of the Antanaclasis, as, laying her hand on Rolands arm, she replied in the yet more formidable figure of speech called Epiphonema (or exclamation), Yet, with all your economy, you would have had usTut! cried my uncle, parrying the Epiphonema with a masterly Aposiopesis (or breaking off), tut! if you had done what I wished, I should have had more pleasure for my money!My poor mothers rhetorical armoury supplied no weapon to meet that artful Aposiopesis, so she dropped the rhetoric altogether, and went on with that unadorned eloquence natural to her, as to other great financial reformers.(Edward Bulwer Lytton, The Caxtons: A Family Picture, 1849) Serious Word PlayThe modern sensibility prefers the mechanics of a rhetorical effect to be hidden from view; anything which smacks of contrivance or artifice, any construction which leaves the scaffolding in place, is regarded with some suspicion. . . . In other words, the more obvious the pun to the reader (regardless of what feats of ingenuity went into its fabrication), the less pleasure there is to be derived from it. This is perhaps why antanaclasis, the figure in which a word occurs and is then repeated in a different sense, has never been rehabilitated . . .; the repetition flags the effects, and it shades from being clever into being clever-clever. This hasnt always been the case. In the Renaissance, obviousness was no impediment to joy: quite the opposite, in fact.(Sophie Read, Puns: Serious Wordplay. Renaissance Figures of Speech, ed. by Sylvia Adamson et al,. Cambridge University Press, 2008) Pronunciation: an-tan-ACK-la-sis

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Make Colored Easter Eggs Using Natural Dyes

Make Colored Easter Eggs Using Natural Dyes Its fun and easy to use foods and flowers to make your own natural Easter egg dyes. The two main ways to use your own dyes are to add dyes to the eggs when boiling them or to dye the eggs after they have been hard-boiled. Its a lot faster to boil the dyes and eggs together, but you will use several pans if you want to make multiple colors. Dyeing the eggs after they have been cooked takes as many dishes and more time, but may be more practical (after all, most stoves only have four burners!). Try both fresh and frozen produce. Canned produce will produce much paler colors. Boiling the colors with vinegar will result in deeper colors. Some materials need to be boiled to impart their color (name followed by boiled in the table). Some of the fruits, vegetables, and spices can be used cold. To use a cold material, cover the boiled eggs with water, add dyeing materials, a teaspoon or less of vinegar, and let the eggs remain in the refrigerator until the desired color is achieved. In most cases, the longer you leave Easter eggs in the dye, the more deeply colored they will become. Here is the preferred method for using natural dyes: Place the eggs in a single layer in a pan. Add water until the eggs are covered.Add approximately one teaspoon of vinegar.Add the natural dye. Use more dye material for more eggs or for a more intense color.Bring water to a boil.Reduce heat and simmer for 15 minutes.If you are pleased with the color, remove the eggs from the liquid.If you want more intensely colored eggs, temporarily remove the eggs from the liquid. Strain the dye through a coffee filter (unless you want speckled eggs). Cover the eggs with the filtered dye and let them remain in the refrigerator overnight.Naturally-colored eggs will not be glossy, but if you want a shiny appearance you can rub a bit of cooking oil onto the eggs once they are dry. You can use fresh and frozen berries as paints, too. Simply crush the berries against dry boiled eggs. Try coloring on the eggs with crayons or wax pencils before boiling and dyeing them. Happy Easter! Natural Easter Egg Dyes Color Ingredients Lavender Small Quantity of Purple Grape JuiceViolet Blossoms plus 2 tsp Lemon JuiceRed Zinger Tea Violet Blue Violet BlossomsSmall Quantity of Red Onions Skins (boiled)Hibiscus TeaRed Wine Blue Canned BlueberriesRed Cabbage Leaves (boiled)Purple Grape JuiceButterfly Pea Flowers or Tea Green Spinach Leaves (boiled)Liquid Chlorophyll Greenish Yellow Yellow Delicious Apple Peels (boiled) Yellow Orange or Lemon Peels (boiled)Carrot Tops (boiled)Celery Seed (boiled)Ground Cumin (boiled)Ground Turmeric (boiled)Chamomile TeaGreen Tea Golden Brown Dill Seeds Brown Strong CoffeeInstant CoffeeBlack Walnut Shells (boiled)Black Tea Orange Yellow Onion Skins (boiled)Cooked CarrotsChili PowderPaprika Pink BeetsCranberries or JuiceRaspberriesRed Grape JuiceJuice from Pickled Beets Red Lots of Red Onions Skins (boiled)Canned Cherries with JuicePomegranate JuiceRaspberries

Monday, February 17, 2020

How Can Management Accounting Techniques Assisst the Management of a Essay

How Can Management Accounting Techniques Assisst the Management of a Real Life Company - Essay Example Arcadia Group Limited is UK's largest privately owned clothing retailer that operates approximately 2,500 outlets. These outlets offer street’s best known fashion brands to different market segments (Arcadia Group Limited, n.d.). TopShop is mainly engaged in selling of women clothing and accessories. The company is also focusing on on-line selling of the products. This retail chain offers clothes mainly for young females. Other fashion products like shoes, accessories, make-up and gift items are also available in these outlets. TopShop was launched in 1964 to cater the growing demand for fashionable clothes among females in UK. From then onwards it turned out as a style symbol that caters the imagination of fashion icon people in UK’s retail industry. Within UK the retail chain has over 300 outlets and around 100 outlets are operating in international territories. Considering its success in the target market it is quite difficult to accept that this brand once had its b eginning in the basement of Peter Robinson department store. It took almost a decade for the brand to emerge out as a stand alone retailer. Back in 1994, TopShop got an opportunity to acquire its own identity. At that time 90,000 sq ft area was acquired at London Oxford Circus to open a unique outlet solely for TopShop. This outlet gave an identity to the retail brand; till date this outlet is world’s largest fashion store that attracts more than 200,000 shoppers per week. The brand image of the company is enough to attract international designers. The retail has a history of collaboration with some well known international designers like Celia Birtwell and Kate Moss that gave an extra edge to the brand name of TopShop. With... This paper stresses that a retail outlet sells large amount of finishes products that require regular updating of data. The sale to stock ratio is low because large portion of working capital remain engaged in inventory. As the business cycle is short in length, hence cash-flow balance is quite critical. The suppliers are always in hurry for their payments whereas the customers prefer to make delay. This report makes a conclusion that a retail outlet can confirm poor management if it encounter over crowded cash counter during festive session, the invoice process take time and customers has to wait long and inaccurate data in the invoice such as mistake in weight, item or amount. These are the signal of inadequate availability of information that can be rectified with help of management accounting system. The author says that with help of management cost accounting tools, company can generate ample reports that provide in-depth information about performance of different departments. Among these tools, activity based management is the one that has gained high popularity. Activity based management can be segregated in two distinct section; the first one is activity based costing where cost incurred at different point in the operational process is identified and then allocated to specific activity centre. The second section deals with strategic decision were management take decision about re-engineering of the activity. There are other techniques of management accounting such as cost volume profit analysis where the management calculate contribution ration that reflects profitability of the business.